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"My interest in sugar began after moving to southwest Florida in 2000.  Being involved in environmental advocacy, both in restoration of the historic Everglades and in land management issues, the subject came up again and again. What I soon learned was that the industry that controlled hundreds of thousands of acres was enormously powerful in the Congress and state legislature."


Married for 54 years he and his wife, Linda, have two children and five grandchildren. They reside in Naples, Florida.

Nicholas G. Penniman IV retired in 1999 as publisher ofthe St. Louis Post-Dispatch and as senior VP of newspaper operations for Pulitzer Publishing Company.


A 1960 graduate of Princeton University, he did graduate work at both the Wharton Graduate School and Washington University St. Louis. Penniman is currently chair emeritus of the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, a trustee emeritus of the Everglades Foundation, past chair of American Rivers and chair emeritus of the Conservancy of Southwest Florida.

Penniman has three books—A Toxic Inconvenience: Red Tide and Blue-Green

Algae on Florida’s Coast, Nature’s Steward: A History of the Conservancy of Southwest Florida and On The Knife: A History of Sugar in Florida.

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